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Eukaryote
Eukaryotes (/juːˈkærioʊt, -ət/) are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike prokaryotes (Bacteria and Archaea), which have
Three-domain system
in 1990 that divides cellular life forms into archaea, bacteria, and eukaryote domains. The key difference from earlier classifications is the splitting
Prokaryote
evolution and interrelationships of the three domains of biological species. Eukaryotes are organisms, including humans, whose cells have a well defined membrane-bound
Kingdom (biology)
two groups as between either of them and all eukaryotes. According to genetic data, although eukaryote groups such as plants, fungi, and animals may
Protist
protists do not form a natural group, or clade, since they exclude certain eukaryotes with whom they share a common ancestor i.e. some protists are more closely
Sex
specific to eukaryotes, organisms whose cells contain a nucleus and mitochondria. In addition to animals, plants, and fungi, other eukaryotes (e.g. the
List of sequenced eukaryotic genomes
This list of "sequenced" eukaryotic genomes contains all the eukaryotes known to have publicly available complete nuclear and organelle genome sequences
Microorganism
together in the two domain system as Prokaryotes, the other being the eukaryotes. The third domain Eukaryota includes all multicellular organisms and many
Soil life
algae) Eukaryote Alveolata (clade) Ciliophora Eukaryote Amoebozoa (clade) Eukaryote Plantae Chlorophyta (green algae) Chlorophyceae Eukaryote Animalia
Virus
with larger genomes may encode much of this machinery themselves. In eukaryotes the viral genome must cross the cell's nuclear membrane to access this